As the best Litigation Lawsuit Dispute Resolution lawyers in Greece of Economou & Economou in Athens, we are aware that Greek law is a civil law system that is centered on codified legislation that is supplemented, case by case, by judicial precedents. Greece’s legal system, which consists of civil, criminal, and administrative courts, is used for litigation. In Greece, civil litigation includes cases involving contracts, torts, family law, property disputes, and inheritance conflicts, among other topics. A lawsuit or complaint is usually filed in court to start the process, which is then followed by a discovery period, a trial, and the issuing of a judgment. Additionally, as the Greek legal system is set up to provide numerous levels of appeal, appeals may be made.
Why You May Need a Lawyer?
In Greece, the majority of people hire a lawyer for litigation when they have to file a lawsuit or are sued themselves. In complex legal conflicts involving contracts, real estate, or family law, legal counsel can be vital. Not only can attorneys help you navigate the complexities of the legal system and offer guidance, but they can also defend your interests in court. They can also defend you in appeals and assist in getting a ruling enforced if you prevail in court.
As was already mentioned, Greece follows the civil law system. For general civil disputes, the Greek Civil Procedure Code is primarily the most pertinent codex. Specialized laws, however, might apply to particular kinds of litigation. For example, the Greek Family Code may govern family issues and the Greek Labour Code may govern labor problems. The “principle of material truth,” which requires judges to actively assist in the pursuit of truth, is a significant component of Greek law. Furthermore, Greek litigation follows a strictly written process, while more and more cases are being heard orally. Last but not least, an obligatory mediation procedure has been implemented for some conflicts before going to court.
1. How long does a litigation process in Greece usually take?
Cases vary extensively, but a general estimate is that an ordinary civil dispute might take from one to three years at first instance, with potential further delay if the case is appealed.
2. Can I represent myself in a court in Greece?
Yes, you technically can; however, it is highly advised to consult with a lawyer due to the potential complexities of the legal process.
3. What kind of lawyer should I hire for litigation in Greece?
You should hire an attorney who specializes in the area of law related to your dispute. There are lawyers who specialize in commercial, property, family, labor law, etc.
4. What is the process of filing a lawsuit?
A lawsuit is initiated by filing a written complaint to the competent court. This complaint, prepared by your attorney, outlines your claims and the facts supporting them.
5. How is the justice system structured in Greece?
The Greek judicial system is categorized into Civil, Criminal and Administrative courts. Each category is structured into Courts of First Instance, Courts of Appeal and a Supreme Court.
6. Can I appeal a judgement?
Yes, except for some decisions by the lowest tier courts, most judgements can be appealed to a higher court.
7. How does the mediation procedure work?
In certain cases, before filing a lawsuit, you are obligated to attempt mediation. During this process, a neutral third-party mediator will facilitate discussions between the disputing parties and try to reach a mutually satisfactory agreement.
8. What is the language of litigation in Greece?
The official language used in court and for all legal documents is Greek.
9. Can foreign citizens file lawsuits in Greece?
Yes, foreign citizens have the same rights to file lawsuits in Greece as Greek citizens.
10. Are there any time limitations to file a case?
Yes, depending on the nature of your case, there may be a time limit within which you must take legal action. Your lawyer can advise you further on this aspect.
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December 25, 2023